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Climate and societies in the Mediterranean during the last two millennia : current state of knowledge and research perspectives

L’éruption du Vésuve : [estampe] ([Défet]) / G. Doré (détail), BnF, département Estampes et photographie

Colloque

Date(s) : du 08/03/2017 9 h 30 au 09/03/2017 16 h 30

Lieu : MMSH, salle Duby - 9h30 le 8 mars / 9h le 9 mars

Organisateur(s) / trice(s) à TELEMMe :

Groupe organisateur : [Quinquennal 2012-2017 ] — 2.1 – Le Corps : expériences, identités, culture du Moyen Âge à nos jours

Partenaires :

  • CHN
  • ECCOREV
  • Labex Ot_Med
  • LabexMed
  • Universidad de Alicante

PRÉSENTATION

L’objectif de cette conférence de deux jours est de mettre en avant des travaux interdisciplinaires récents et innovants sur les relations historiques complexes entre climat et société(s) en Méditerranée au cours des deux derniers millénaires. En effet, si les questions relatives aux conséquences futures du changement climatique pour les sociétés méditerranéennes sont nombreuses et variées, l’analyse de l’impact des fluctuations hydrométéorologiques passées (e.g. épisodes de sécheresse) sur la dynamique et la vie des populations urbaines et rurales, à différentes époques, peut permettre de mieux saisir le rôle de l’environnement dans l’apparition de conflits locaux ou régionaux, le déclenchement d’épidémies, l’apparition de disettes ou de famines, de migrations mais aussi de faire ressortir les réponses et adaptations sociales, politiques ou technologiques mises en œuvre.

This two-day international conference aims to highlight recent and challenging interdisciplinary studies dealing with complex historical climate/society interactions in Mediterranean during the last two millennia. Indeed, although issues concerning present and future climate change-related impacts for Mediterranean societies are many and varied, past climatic extremes, like drought episodes, have caught the attention of archaeologists, climatologists, modelers and historians for several decades. The study of these existing connections can help in better understanding the role played by past climatic events in the eruption of regional conflicts, in forced migration and displacement of people, in periodically appearing infectious disease outbreaks or in subsistence crises like food shortages and famines. Similarly, it seems necessary to identify and analyze socioeconomic and technological responses (e.g. water supply systems) together with migration and general adaptation strategies, insofar as they existed, to cope with climate change.


PROGRAMME

Mercredi 8 mars 2017

9h30

Sophie BOUFFIER MMSH director ; Xavier DAUMALIN Director of TELEMMe Lab ; Joël GUIOT Director of Labex Ot_Med ; Brigitte MARIN Director of LabexMed
Opening

Nicolas MAUGHAN, Aix-Marseille University, France / Kevin POMETTI, Aix-Marseille University-TELEMMe, LabexMed, France and University of Alicante, Spain
General introduction

10h-12h40 – Session I – How To Integrate Solar And Volcanic Forcing In Studies Of Historical Climate-Society Interactions?

Martin BAUCH, Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe (GWZO), Germany
Chair

Joseph MANNING, Yale University, USA & Francis LUDLOW, University of Dublin, Ireland, et al.
Volcanism and Variability: The Volatile Nile as Driver of Revolt and Socioeconomic Stress in Ptolemaic Egypt, 305-30 BCE

Matthew TOOHEY GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany
Climate and societal impacts of a volcanic double event at the dawn of the Middle

11h00 Coffee break / pause café

Sébastien GUILLET et al., University of Bern, Switzerland
Reassessing the climatic impacts of the 1257 eruption in Europe and in the Northern Hemisphere using historical archives and tree rings

Chantal CAMENISCH University of Bern, Switzerland
The 1430s: A period of extraordinary internal climate variability during the early Spörer Minimum and its impacts in North-western and Central Europe

Questions et discussion

12h40 Lunch / Déjeuner

14h-17h15 Session II – Sources And Methodologies For Studying Past Climate History: From Natural To Textual Archives

Nicolas MAUGHAN, Aix-Marseille University, France
Chair

Christian PFISTER, University of Bern, Switzerland
Towards a methodology for reconstructing outstanding extreme events. The example of 1540

Chiara BERTOLIN, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway, & Dario CAMUFFO, National Research Council of Italy
The earliest meteorological observations: Florence and Vallombrosa in the Medici Network (1654-1670)

15h00 Coffee break / pause café

Kevin POMETTI, Aix-Marseille University-TELEMMe, LabexMed, France and University of Alicante, Spain
The role of textual archives and first instrumental records to detect optimal periods for vector-borne diseases in late 18th century Catalonia

Samuel WHITE, The Ohio State University, USA
Drought and Crisis in the Classical Ottoman Empire: New Evidence, Confirmation, and Revisions

Martin BAUCH, Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe (GWZO), Germany
The Dantean Anomaly project: A comparative approach to a period of increasing extreme events and their societal impac

Questions et discussion

Jeudi 9 mars 2017

9h – Poster session (60 min)

Georges PICHARD et al., Aix-Marseille University, France
1. A multi-secular database (A.D. 1300-2000) on the historical flood variability in the Lower Rhone Valley

Sylvie JOURDAIN & Émeline ROUCAUTE, Météo-France, France
2. Historical climate Data Rescue in the Mediterranean area at Météo-France

Chiara BERTOLIN et al., Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
3. Temperature observations in Bologna, Italy, from 1715 to 1815: three centuries of changing climate and methodological procedures to recover and analyze early instrumental series

Kevin POMETTI, Aix-Marseille University-TELEMMe, LabexMed, France and University of Alicante, Spain
4. Climate, environment and public health in Catalonia. Endemic and epidemic Malaria (1750-1850), from sanitarian policies to environmental issues

Guillaume JOUVE et al., Aix-Marseille University, France
5. Recent hydrological variability of the Moroccan Middle-Atlas Mountains inferred from sedimentological and geochemical analyses of lake sediments

Céline MARTIN et al. Aix-Marseille University, France
6. Oxygen isotopes from Sudanese mummies as natural archives for reconstructing long-term and seasonal Nile river fluctuations and past climate in Northeast Africa (3700-500 B.P.)

Matteo VACCHI et al., Aix-Marseille University, France
7. Assessment of post-industrial sea-level rise acceleration along the Mediterranean coastlines

Alexandra BIVOLARU et al., Aix-Marseille University, France
8. Geoarchaeology of the Danube delta and palaeo-environment of ancient settlements (Histria, Enisala, Babadag and Halmyris)

Soumaya TRABELSI et al., Aix-Marseille University, France
9. The ancient harbors of cap Bon (Tunisia): geomorphology, climate context and recent discoveries

10h-12h30 Session III – Climate As Catalyst For Subsistence Crises, Epidemics And Violence

Isabelle RENAUDET, Aix-Marseille University-TELEMMe, France
Chair

Mathieu GIAIME et al., Aix-Marseille University, France
Late Holocene delta geomorphology and ancient coastal settlements: from Taman Peninsula to the Balearic Islands

10h30 Coffee break / pause café

David KANIEWSKI et al., University of Toulouse, France
Famine, migrations and conflicts 3200 years ago: did climate have an influence on social upheavals?

Adam IZDEBSKI, Jagiellonian University, Poland
Climate change and the Eastern Roman Empire. Learning from the complex societies of the past

Questions et discussion

12h30 Lunch / Déjeuner

14h-16h30 Session III – 2nd Part

Kevin POMETTI, Aix-Marseille University-TELEMMe, LabexMed, France and University of Alicante, Spain
Chair

Bruce CAMPBELL, Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK
War, economic crisis and plague: teleconnections between Arid Central Asia and the Mediterranean in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries

Armando ALBEROLA, University of Alicante, Spain
Droughts and Floods in the Spanish Mediterranean during the Little Ice Age. Thoughts and Proposals

15h00 Coffee break / pause café

Nicolas MAUGHAN, Aix-Marseille University, France
Socio-economic Resilience to Droughts and Energy Transition in Northwestern Mediterranean during the Dalton Minimum

Questions et discussion

Christian PFISTER University of Bern, Switzerland
Conclusion